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Data Science

Women in Data Science: Advice From 4 Experts

5 minute read | April 19, 2019
T.J. DeGroat

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T.J. DeGroat

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What’s the day-to-day of a data scientist in 2019? What skills are needed to land a data science role? What trends should data scientists be aware of? We recently partnered with the GUILD, an AI-driven networking platform for women, to organize a panel talk featuring four fantastic women in data science. After the talk, we grabbed them for a quick round of questions.

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Meet the panelists:

Emily Bailey, data scientist, strategic finance, at Uber: In addition to leading a data science group focused on financial optimization, Emily co-leads the Women in Data employee resource group.

Kathy Yang, data scientist on Airbnb’s strategy and insights team: After earning degrees in economics and mechanical engineering, Kathy’s winding path took her through a management consulting job and think tank research to data science.

Jana Dodson, senior data scientist at Shift Technologies: Jana’s data science career has taken her to a variety of industries, including healthcare, telecom, and automotive.

Lily Shen, product manager for data science and machine learning at Niantic, Inc.: Lily joined Niantic (the AR gaming company behind Pokemon Go) as the first data scientist and built the company’s data science foundation from scratch.

Have you dealt with imposter syndrome?

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Emily: Imposter syndrome has been the majority of my career and I’m just now getting to a point where I’m realizing that we’re not all imposters, we’re all just talented in different ways in different parts of this field. My current team—I work on the finance data science team at Uber and we work on a financial optimization product, where we’re determining how we should spend money efficiently. I had never studied anything in this field and so I joined this team and I honestly wondered if they were speaking a different language at times. I was so in over my head. But today I’m leading that team. So, it’s a world where you just need to accept that there’s always growth.

Kathy: You don’t have to check every single box. I think especially in data science, which has such a broad scope, no one’s going to be an expert in everything. So there’s always going to be things you don’t really you understand or that you can do better.

Jana: Most data scientists have graduate degrees of some sort, so to me, I kind of wonder: how do they let me do this every day? But, you know, I guess you sort of prove yourself.

Lily: As long as, you know, your problem-solving framework is the right framework, you eventually reach the right conclusion. So, yeah, [I believe] in math and logic.

What are the core job skills for a data scientist?

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Emily: There’s a set of basic skills that every data scientist will need to have, which is the ability to code in some scientific programming language, a good understanding of basic statistics and math. But from there, there’s a number of people who find that there’s one piece of this very large field that’s super interesting for them and they choose to specialize.

Kathy: I think one thing is communication because sometimes data is the product that you’re making—like if you have a new pricing algorithm and you roll it out—but oftentimes data is used to influence a product more indirectly or other business decisions, so you have to be able to describe what you’re doing… and actually try to convince people to see, you know, see in the data what you’ve seen.

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Jana: Critical thinking skills—like, do you know how to assess a problem you haven’t seen before? Can you kind of reason through something if it’s new to you?

Lily: Being able to communicate clearly and being able to—almost like salesmanship, to be honest. To sell your idea to whoever’s in charge, be it the product manager, be it, you know, the team that you work with, be it the decision maker of the thing that you want to change.

Related: How to Become a Data Scientist

What are some upcoming industry trends?

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Emily: I think there will probably be a trend toward very serious specialization—and we’re already seeing this. A lot of the really juicy problems out there require extremely specialized knowledge, whether it’s computer vision or natural language processing. So I would encourage people to find a little niche of the world that interests them and there will be opportunities in it.

Kathy: Just the types of tools that we use will probably become more advanced and more accessible. And along with that, I think it’ll become more important to really understand the math and the statistics behind what you’re doing.

Jana: There’s still sort of a gap that needs to be bridged between tools that data scientists like to work with and can easily translate their thoughts into versus tools that can work with very large data sets and work very quickly.

Lily: Although technical skills are still very important, I can see machines eventually replacing humans in those technical skills at a speed that is really fast. For every assignment or project you do, to not only deliver the project well but also ask yourself: what did I learn or grow out of the project? It can be technical skills, but it can also be, you know, how does it change my view of the world or of the industry?

What advice would you give to your younger self?

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Emily: The biggest piece of advice I have for anyone is to ask for help. When you have a goal in front of you, it can be daunting to see how big it is, so the first place I tend to ask for help is: how do I break this up into smaller pieces? And then, even if the first piece is hard, you can ask for help every step of the way if you need to.

Kathy: Not to stress out about every little decision. Oftentimes, your experience is something that could seem super unrelated but could come back and prove to be really helpful for you later. For example, while I was at McKinsey I did some research about smart cities and how technology can influence urban life. And, you know, at that time [I] maybe didn’t think I was going to be a data scientist, but in applying to Airbnb for their data science roles I realized that I did have a lot of this knowledge that was relevant.

Jana: To try a lot of things that you might not normally try.

Lily: Having just a technical skill is not enough, you know? To start training early on communication, on leadership, and teamwork—they are all very important in actually succeeding in actual work.

Related: Data Science Career Advice for College Students

Companies are no longer just collecting data. They’re seeking to use it to outpace competitors, especially with the rise of AI and advanced analytics techniques. Between organizations and these techniques are the data scientists – the experts who crunch numbers and translate them into actionable strategies. The future, it seems, belongs to those who can decipher the story hidden within the data, making the role of data scientists more important than ever.

In this article, we’ll look at 13 careers in data science, analyzing the roles and responsibilities and how to land that specific job in the best way. Whether you’re more drawn out to the creative side or interested in the strategy planning part of data architecture, there’s a niche for you. 

Is Data Science A Good Career?

Yes. Besides being a field that comes with competitive salaries, the demand for data scientists continues to increase as they have an enormous impact on their organizations. It’s an interdisciplinary field that keeps the work varied and interesting.

10 Data Science Careers To Consider

Whether you want to change careers or land your first job in the field, here are 13 of the most lucrative data science careers to consider.

Data Scientist

Data scientists represent the foundation of the data science department. At the core of their role is the ability to analyze and interpret complex digital data, such as usage statistics, sales figures, logistics, or market research – all depending on the field they operate in.

They combine their computer science, statistics, and mathematics expertise to process and model data, then interpret the outcomes to create actionable plans for companies. 

General Requirements

A data scientist’s career starts with a solid mathematical foundation, whether it’s interpreting the results of an A/B test or optimizing a marketing campaign. Data scientists should have programming expertise (primarily in Python and R) and strong data manipulation skills. 

Although a university degree is not always required beyond their on-the-job experience, data scientists need a bunch of data science courses and certifications that demonstrate their expertise and willingness to learn.

Average Salary

The average salary of a data scientist in the US is $156,363 per year.

Data Analyst

A data analyst explores the nitty-gritty of data to uncover patterns, trends, and insights that are not always immediately apparent. They collect, process, and perform statistical analysis on large datasets and translate numbers and data to inform business decisions.

A typical day in their life can involve using tools like Excel or SQL and more advanced reporting tools like Power BI or Tableau to create dashboards and reports or visualize data for stakeholders. With that in mind, they have a unique skill set that allows them to act as a bridge between an organization’s technical and business sides.

General Requirements

To become a data analyst, you should have basic programming skills and proficiency in several data analysis tools. A lot of data analysts turn to specialized courses or data science bootcamps to acquire these skills. 

For example, Coursera offers courses like Google’s Data Analytics Professional Certificate or IBM’s Data Analyst Professional Certificate, which are well-regarded in the industry. A bachelor’s degree in fields like computer science, statistics, or economics is standard, but many data analysts also come from diverse backgrounds like business, finance, or even social sciences.

Average Salary

The average base salary of a data analyst is $76,892 per year.

Business Analyst

Business analysts often have an essential role in an organization, driving change and improvement. That’s because their main role is to understand business challenges and needs and translate them into solutions through data analysis, process improvement, or resource allocation. 

A typical day as a business analyst involves conducting market analysis, assessing business processes, or developing strategies to address areas of improvement. They use a variety of tools and methodologies, like SWOT analysis, to evaluate business models and their integration with technology.

General Requirements

Business analysts often have related degrees, such as BAs in Business Administration, Computer Science, or IT. Some roles might require or favor a master’s degree, especially in more complex industries or corporate environments.

Employers also value a business analyst’s knowledge of project management principles like Agile or Scrum and the ability to think critically and make well-informed decisions.

Average Salary

A business analyst can earn an average of $84,435 per year.

Database Administrator

The role of a database administrator is multifaceted. Their responsibilities include managing an organization’s database servers and application tools. 

A DBA manages, backs up, and secures the data, making sure the database is available to all the necessary users and is performing correctly. They are also responsible for setting up user accounts and regulating access to the database. DBAs need to stay updated with the latest trends in database management and seek ways to improve database performance and capacity. As such, they collaborate closely with IT and database programmers.

General Requirements

Becoming a database administrator typically requires a solid educational foundation, such as a BA degree in data science-related fields. Nonetheless, it’s not all about the degree because real-world skills matter a lot. Aspiring database administrators should learn database languages, with SQL being the key player. They should also get their hands dirty with popular database systems like Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server. 

Average Salary

Database administrators earn an average salary of $77,391 annually.

Data Engineer

Successful data engineers construct and maintain the infrastructure that allows the data to flow seamlessly. Besides understanding data ecosystems on the day-to-day, they build and oversee the pipelines that gather data from various sources so as to make data more accessible for those who need to analyze it (e.g., data analysts).

General Requirements

Data engineering is a role that demands not just technical expertise in tools like SQL, Python, and Hadoop but also a creative problem-solving approach to tackle the complex challenges of managing massive amounts of data efficiently. 

Usually, employers look for credentials like university degrees or advanced data science courses and bootcamps.

Average Salary

Data engineers earn a whooping average salary of $125,180 per year.

Database Architect

A database architect’s main responsibility involves designing the entire blueprint of a data management system, much like an architect who sketches the plan for a building. They lay down the groundwork for an efficient and scalable data infrastructure. 

Their day-to-day work is a fascinating mix of big-picture thinking and intricate detail management. They decide how to store, consume, integrate, and manage data by different business systems.

General Requirements

If you’re aiming to excel as a database architect but don’t necessarily want to pursue a degree, you could start honing your technical skills. Become proficient in database systems like MySQL or Oracle, and learn data modeling tools like ERwin. Don’t forget programming languages – SQL, Python, or Java. 

If you want to take it one step further, pursue a credential like the Certified Data Management Professional (CDMP) or the Data Science Bootcamp by Springboard.

Average Salary

Data architecture is a very lucrative career. A database architect can earn an average of $165,383 per year.

Machine Learning Engineer

A machine learning engineer experiments with various machine learning models and algorithms, fine-tuning them for specific tasks like image recognition, natural language processing, or predictive analytics. Machine learning engineers also collaborate closely with data scientists and analysts to understand the requirements and limitations of data and translate these insights into solutions. 

General Requirements

As a rule of thumb, machine learning engineers must be proficient in programming languages like Python or Java, and be familiar with machine learning frameworks like TensorFlow or PyTorch. To successfully pursue this career, you can either choose to undergo a degree or enroll in courses and follow a self-study approach.

Average Salary

Depending heavily on the company’s size, machine learning engineers can earn between $125K and $187K per year, one of the highest-paying AI careers.

Quantitative Analyst

Qualitative analysts are essential for financial institutions, where they apply mathematical and statistical methods to analyze financial markets and assess risks. They are the brains behind complex models that predict market trends, evaluate investment strategies, and assist in making informed financial decisions. 

They often deal with derivatives pricing, algorithmic trading, and risk management strategies, requiring a deep understanding of both finance and mathematics.

General Requirements

This data science role demands strong analytical skills, proficiency in mathematics and statistics, and a good grasp of financial theory. It always helps if you come from a finance-related background. 

Average Salary

A quantitative analyst earns an average of $173,307 per year.

Data Mining Specialist

A data mining specialist uses their statistics and machine learning expertise to reveal patterns and insights that can solve problems. They swift through huge amounts of data, applying algorithms and data mining techniques to identify correlations and anomalies. In addition to these, data mining specialists are also essential for organizations to predict future trends and behaviors.

General Requirements

If you want to land a career in data mining, you should possess a degree or have a solid background in computer science, statistics, or a related field. 

Average Salary

Data mining specialists earn $109,023 per year.

Data Visualisation Engineer

Data visualisation engineers specialize in transforming data into visually appealing graphical representations, much like a data storyteller. A big part of their day involves working with data analysts and business teams to understand the data’s context. 

General Requirements

Data visualization engineers need a strong foundation in data analysis and be proficient in programming languages often used in data visualization, such as JavaScript, Python, or R. A valuable addition to their already-existing experience is a bit of expertise in design principles to allow them to create visualizations.

Average Salary

The average annual pay of a data visualization engineer is $103,031.

Resources To Find Data Science Jobs

The key to finding a good data science job is knowing where to look without procrastinating. To make sure you leverage the right platforms, read on.

Job Boards

When hunting for data science jobs, both niche job boards and general ones can be treasure troves of opportunity. 

Niche boards are created specifically for data science and related fields, offering listings that cut through the noise of broader job markets. Meanwhile, general job boards can have hidden gems and opportunities.

Online Communities

Spend time on platforms like Slack, Discord, GitHub, or IndieHackers, as they are a space to share knowledge, collaborate on projects, and find job openings posted by community members.

Network And LinkedIn

Don’t forget about socials like LinkedIn or Twitter. The LinkedIn Jobs section, in particular, is a useful resource, offering a wide range of opportunities and the ability to directly reach out to hiring managers or apply for positions. Just make sure not to apply through the “Easy Apply” options, as you’ll be competing with thousands of applicants who bring nothing unique to the table.

FAQs about Data Science Careers

We answer your most frequently asked questions.

Do I Need A Degree For Data Science?

A degree is not a set-in-stone requirement to become a data scientist. It’s true many data scientists hold a BA’s or MA’s degree, but these just provide foundational knowledge. It’s up to you to pursue further education through courses or bootcamps or work on projects that enhance your expertise. What matters most is your ability to demonstrate proficiency in data science concepts and tools.

Does Data Science Need Coding?

Yes. Coding is essential for data manipulation and analysis, especially knowledge of programming languages like Python and R.

Is Data Science A Lot Of Math?

It depends on the career you want to pursue. Data science involves quite a lot of math, particularly in areas like statistics, probability, and linear algebra.

What Skills Do You Need To Land an Entry-Level Data Science Position?

To land an entry-level job in data science, you should be proficient in several areas. As mentioned above, knowledge of programming languages is essential, and you should also have a good understanding of statistical analysis and machine learning. Soft skills are equally valuable, so make sure you’re acing problem-solving, critical thinking, and effective communication.

Since you’re here…Are you interested in this career track? Investigate with our free guide to what a data professional actually does. When you’re ready to build a CV that will make hiring managers melt, join our Data Science Bootcamp which will help you land a job or your tuition back!

About T.J. DeGroat

T.J. is a writer and editor waging war against unnecessary capitalization. You can follow him on Twitter @tjdegroat.