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11 Cybersecurity Projects to Grow Your Skills & Portfolio

11 Cyber Security Projects to Grow Your Skills & Portfolio

8 minute read | September 11, 2023
Olayemi Agbeleye

Written by:
Olayemi Agbeleye


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In the United States, there are only enough cybersecurity professionals to fill 68% of the available cybersecurity jobs. This gap makes it an excellent time to join the cybersecurity industry. And one of the most effective ways to launch your cybersecurity career is to grow your cybersecurity skills through project-based learning. Crafting a cyber security project can give the edge in the industry, even against tough competition.

In this article, we’ll explore 11 independent cyber security projects that you can use to grow your skills and build a professional portfolio.

What Is the Point of a Cyber Security Project?

Cyber security projects help beginners hone their skills. Projects present hands-on opportunities to explore cybersecurity fundamentals, practice important techniques, and gain experience with cybersecurity solution design. Cyber security projects can teach vital skills like threat detection and mitigation, identity access and management (IAM) governance, and vulnerability assessment and remediation tactics. 

Robust cyber security bootcamp programs use project-based learning to teach aspiring cybersecurity professionals the skills that they need to get hired. Completing a cyber security project can also help you pass cyber security certifications, like CompTIA Security+. Cyber security projects also show hiring managers that you possess the necessary technical skills and that you have an aptitude for problem-solving.

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Cyber Security Project Ideas Worth Considering

To grow your cybersecurity skills, choose a project that is appropriate for your level of experience. Consider which skills you want to improve, and what tools you’d like to learn. An ideal project builds upon your current strengths, while also presenting you with new challenges. With that in mind, let’s explore exciting cyber security project ideas for all skill levels.

Easy Cyber Security Projects

If you’re new to cybersecurity, try a cyber security project from the list below. Each cyber security project is designed for beginners.

Packet Sniffer

Packet sniffers monitor network traffic for suspicious activity. They also capture and analyze data packets that flow between devices within the same network, and monitor packets that are exchanged between networked devices and the internet. 

Building a packet sniffer is an opportunity to practice networking and programming skills. You can create a simple packet sniffer in Python with a socket module. After configuring your socket module to capture packets from the network, you’ll write Python scripts to extract those captured packets. It’s a great cyber security project to sink your teeth into!


Keyloggers track each keyboard stroke on a device. While hackers use keyloggers to steal sensitive information, cyber security professionals use these applications to surveil user behavior and detect unusual activity. 

To build a keylogger software, download and install Python’s pynput library. With this library, you’ll be able to monitor keyboard and mouse inputs. You’ll also be able to deliver log keystrokes to a specific location—like an email, server, or local system storage. For a slightly more challenging project, try building a keylogger for a virtual keyboard. 

Lost Data Retrieval 

cyber security projects: Lost Data Retrieval 

Data recovery skills are vital to cyber incident response, as malware can corrupt, destroy, or manipulate data. Ransomware attacks encrypt a victim’s data and demand payment for decrypting the files.

Outline a ransomware data recovery procedure to practice data retrieval skills. Focus on restoring the affected systems from a backup. Next, build a plan for using data recovery tools to extract corrupted or deleted data from storage devices.

Tool Comparison Technical Guide

Publishing a tool comparison guide will help you solidify your knowledge of cybersecurity tools. Be sure to cover various categories of cybersecurity tools, including:

  • Vulnerability management software
  • Encryption tools
  • Password managers
  • Antivirus software
  • Penetration testing tools
  • Network security monitoring tools 

Explain the function of each type of tool and provide examples of common use cases. Compare popular open-source and paid tools, and discuss the pros and cons of each.

In-Depth Guide to Recent Cyber Security Attacks

cyber security projects: In-Depth Guide to Recent Cybersecurity Attacks

Recent cyberattacks have shut down fuel pipelines, compromised water treatment plants, and extracted ransoms of $50 million. Try analyzing one of these high-profile cyberattacks in a case study.

First, contextualize the event. Explain the security posture of the target at the time of the incident, and pinpoint which vulnerabilities the attackers exploited. Dissect how the attack was executed and outline the target’s response. Review the impact of the attack and reflect on actions that could have reduced risk, minimized damages, or prevented the incident. Summarize lessons learned from the cyberattack. It’s one of the simplest cyber security projects to try.

Intermediate Cyber Security Project Ideas

Once you’ve mastered cyber security fundamentals, level up your skills with more complex projects. Each cyber security project will give you a great edge in a job interview.

SQL Injection

SQL injections are attack vectors that use malicious SQL code to manipulate back-end databases. Hackers use SQL injections to access private information and commandeer administrative rights to a database. 

To practice SQL injection vulnerability remediation, set up a virtual machine by signing up for a free-tier Amazon Web Services account. Then practice executing SQL injection using

an authorized educational website. Once you uncover the website’s vulnerabilities, figure out how to fix them by editing the PHP files on your virtual machine. Write up an SQL vulnerability assessment with security recommendations to summarize your findings.

RFID Blocking

cyber security projects: RFID Blocking

Credit cards, debit cards, and passports have scannable radio frequency identification (RFID) tags that enable contactless payment. In a skimming attack, unauthorized actors scan RFID tags to illegally access credit card details and other private information. 

Try creating software that blocks RFID readers, or build an application that alerts users to unauthorized RFID scanning. 

Security Assessment Report on an Existing Website

This project resembles a routine audit conducted by a cyber security team. Before you begin, be sure to obtain permission to analyze an existing website. Or, consider using your own website.

First, collect and analyze data to identify vulnerabilities. Document the scope of each security issue and how you assessed it. Prioritize each risk according to severity. Include an executive summary accessible to non-technical readers. Strive for brevity.

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Advanced Cyber Security Projects

High-level cyber security projects often require programming skills and practical experience. If you enroll in a cybersecurity bootcamp, you’ll tackle advanced projects in the latter part of the program.

Build Your Own Encryption Software

Encryption is a cyber security technique that scrambles and encodes private data. Authorized users can decrypt data using an encryption key. Working with text encryption—which uses cryptographic algorithms to convert text data into a cipher or hash code—will help you analyze the structure of commonly used encryption algorithms like Caesar Cipher, Beaufort Cipher, and Autokey Cipher. 

Try building your own text encryption software, or create an app to encrypt files using existing algorithms. Use the Amazon Web Services Encryption Software Development Kit to implement encryption in an application. Once you’re comfortable with text encryption, try your hand at image encryption.

Create a Cyber Security Policy from Scratch

Cyber security policies document technical and behavioral recommendations. This is done to codify cyber security practices and guide an organization’s cyber security posture.

To create a cybersecurity policy from scratch, identify and prioritize the organization’s assets and risks. Outline the protocols and procedures that will safeguard these assets, and explain how security vulnerabilities will be neutralized. Create an incident response plan and assess relevant cyber security regulations to build a compliant policy.

Hack an Android Device

cyber security projects: Hack an Android Device

Organizations hire ethical hackers to uncover vulnerabilities in a system or application. Hone your ethical hacking skills and advance your knowledge of application security with Android, the world’s most popular operating system.

This project will teach you the basics of Android penetration testing and help you learn to locate vulnerabilities in Android applications. Because Android is a Linux-based operating system, you’ll get the chance to build experience with Kali Linux, an advanced penetration testing Linux distribution used for ethical hacking.

What Skills Should You Focus on With Your Cyber Security Project?

A project is an opportunity to demonstrate that you have a strong command of the applied skills that you need to get hired. Let’s explore key skills you should focus on with a cyber security project.


Robust documentation is necessary to communicate cyber security protocols and build effective cybersecurity policies. When conducting risk assessments and audits, cybersecurity professionals must document their methodologies, findings, analyses, and recommendations. Consistent, straightforward documentation of incident response procedures is also necessary to mount a successful cyber incident response.



Programming skills are necessary to detect vulnerabilities, conduct malware analysis, automate security tasks, and remediate cybersecurity risks. Coding is a particularly important skill for mid-level and upper-level cybersecurity professionals, and helps advanced professionals understand system architecture. Coding skills are also central to cryptography. 


Cybersecurity professionals use cryptography to secure data and communications. In the event of a data breach, this encryption ensures the security of an organization’s private data. To perform cryptography, you’ll need to be able to design algorithms, ciphers, and other security measures that encode and protect sensitive data.

Network Oversight

Network security encompasses hardware and software protocols. Cybersecurity professionals use networking skills to protect networked systems and ensure reliable, authorized access to applications and data that facilitate key business operations.

Testing and Identifying Threats

Threat identification is a critical component of any risk management strategy. Common cybersecurity threats include malware, phishing, and ransomware. Penetration tests and vulnerability assessments are used to identify the cybersecurity risks that these threats pose to an organization’s infrastructure. You’ll need testing and threat identification skills to execute security audits and make recommendations for vulnerability remediation.

How To Document and Promote Your Cybersecurity Projects

How To Document and Promote Your Cybersecurity Projects

Upload your projects to GitHub, and include a link to this account on your resume. Be sure to include a README file that succinctly summarizes the purpose and significance of each GitHub project. Discuss the purpose of the project and detail the impact of your contributions. 

Cybersecurity Project FAQs

Want to know more about cybersecurity projects? Check out these answers to frequently asked questions. 

What Is a Capstone Cybersecurity Project?

To graduate from Springboard’s Cybersecurity Career Track bootcamp, students must complete a final capstone project under the guidance of an expert mentor. For their capstone project, students work on a hypothetical penetration test and create a corrective action plan for a given problem statement. This hands-on project is designed to synthesize cybersecurity concepts learned over the course of the program and familiarize students with the core responsibilities of a cybersecurity analyst

Should I Put My Cybersecurity Projects on My Resume?

Early-career professionals should list cybersecurity projects on their resumes, as projects are opportunities to demonstrate your command of applied cybersecurity knowledge. When discussing a project, name the tools and technical skills you used to achieve your results. 

Is Cybersecurity Hard To Learn?

If you enroll in a bootcamp program, you’ll be ready to launch a career in cybersecurity after six months of study.

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About Olayemi Agbeleye

Olayemi is a risk and cybersecurity professional with over 11 years of experience in top-tier ISO 270001 certified organizations managing security operation centers, skilled in security advisory and architecture, third-party cyber risk assessment, audit and compliance, vulnerability management, cloud security, network security, security testing, and control effectiveness testing.