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Data Science

9 Big Data Projects To Grow Your Skills [Or Land a Job]

12 minute read | June 30, 2022
Sakshi Gupta

Written by:
Sakshi Gupta

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Big data is all the buzz in the software industry right now. Businesses across the board have woken up to the power of being able to analyze very large volumes of data. The big data market was valued at just $35 billion in 2017 but is projected to almost triple in size by 2027. 

So if you’re looking to break into the big data industry, then you’re probably going to face some competition given the booming market. One of the ways to set yourself apart from other candidates is by working on personal projects that can help you build your skills. Building your own data analysis projects shows recruiters that you are passionate about the field and that you have the ability to apply theoretical know-how to solving a real-world problem. 

We’re going to cover a few big data project ideas that you can work on if you’re trying to build your portfolio and enhance your skills so you can land a job. If you’re early in your career, then start with a simple project and then move on to the more advanced projects slowly. 

What Is Big Data?

Big data is exactly what it sounds like. It’s quite simply a very large volume of organized or unorganized data. 

A good example of big data is the data that comes from social media. Every day, hundreds of terabytes of data are uploaded on websites like Instagram and Twitter. The data takes the form of images, text, and video on most occasions. Companies that have big data capabilities with some help from techniques like machine learning, artificial intelligence, and neural networks can process that data to gain insights into their customers’ behavior online. 

There are four main characteristics that you need to take stock of when working with big data. They are: 

What is big data
Source: Chartio


The most obvious feature of a big dataset is the volume of data that is in it. The size of the data that you’re dealing with will determine how you approach analyzing it to unearth insights that can guide business strategy. 


There are two kinds of variety that you should be aware of when it comes to big data. 

The first is the variety in the sources from which the data is coming. Nowadays, there’s often a wide range of sources from which you can obtain your data. That includes social media sites, websites, email, etc. 

Variety also refers to the nature of the data itself. It is possible that you’re dealing with a dataset that has many different kinds of data. In that case, you will need to use different techniques to be able to analyze each different data type. 


A big data set is not a static entity. There’s always new data streaming in from various sources. You need to take the speed at which your data is updated into consideration, especially if you’re working on a real-time analysis project. 


Variability refers to how often you run into outliers or other unexpected values in your sourced data. This is a feature that will determine how easily you’re able to obtain insights and whether your data structures and algorithms need to account for constant variations in data. 

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What Is a Big Data Project?

A big data project is a data analysis project that uses a very large data set as the basis for its analysis. Any data set larger than a terabyte would be considered big data. 

Big data projects combine traditional data analysis techniques with others that are tailored to handle large data volumes. Big data engineers often use deep learning, convolutional neural networks, machine learning, and computer vision as part of their analysis process. 

A High-Level Understanding of Big Data Projects

What Is the Goal?

The goal of a big data project is to be able to mine data and analyze it to uncover underlying patterns. Modern data-driven companies like those in the banking sector and e-commerce industry use big data to understand their customers better and guide business strategy.  

What Is the Process?

Source: Research Gate

The following are the steps involved in a big data project: 

Define the Problem

This is common to most projects that you’ll work on as a data scientist or data analyst. You need to understand what business challenge you’re dealing with right at the outset. This will guide all of the rest of the decisions you take on the project. 

Related Read: What Is Data Science? and What Is Data Analytics?

Source the Data

Data Sourcing
Source: Analytics India Magazine

You can source data in a few different ways for a big data project. There are various open data sources that you can tap for large volumes of structured data. Another source of data is your company itself. You could approach your database team to find out what kind of data they have access to and how you can use it. 

APIs are another great data source. You can use them to source data from various websites and online services. 

Clean the Data

big data projects - Data Cleaning Cycle
Source: Iterators

The data that you source will most often not be ready for analysis right away. You’ll find that there are many missing entries and erroneous values present in it. Data cleaning is the process of identifying and correcting such entries so that the data is ready for analysis. 

Analyze the Data

This is when the real fun begins. Once you have a source of clean, structured data, then you can move on to studying it. The way you go about this will depend on the nature of the data. For example, if you’re working with photos, then you’ll need to use image processing techniques to analyze the data. 

You can also tap into artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to automate parts of your data analysis process. 

Build Data Visualizations

Data visualization is an underrated skill in the data analysis process. Transforming some of your data into visuals can help you spot patterns that you might not have otherwise. Visualizations can also play a major role in communicating your findings to other stakeholders in an effective manner. 

What Is the Outcome?

The final result of a big data project is an analysis that reveals certain patterns in the data or helps solve a specific business challenge. The results of the analysis can be presented using various visualizations to make it comprehensible to a lay audience. 

Big Data Project Ideas

Let’s take a look at some big data projects that you can add to your data science portfolio.


Here are some big data projects ideas if you’re just starting out. 

Red Wine Quality

What counts as a good red wine? This is a question that you might think has a different answer depending on who you ask. But there are characteristics pertaining to acidity, pH, density, and other factors that can predict a wine’s quality. 

The dataset provides data on those chemical inputs along with data on the sensory variables involved. The two together form the input and output, allowing you two study how people react to different red wines. 

This big data project will test your knowledge of regression, which is a technique that any data scientist should be familiar with. 

You can find the dataset for this project here.

big data projects - Kaggle

US Pollution Data

Trends in pollution data are an important area of study for several reasons. For city and state administrations, they can be an important indicator of the quality of life in different areas. They can also be a way for businesses to gauge their own impact and enhance their environmental practices. 

This dataset provides data on four pollutants: carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide. It spans the years between 2000 and 2016, so you get a good cross-section of data. You can use it to study trends in the presence of these pollutants in different counties and states in the US. 

Olympic Medals 

This is a fairly straightforward dataset with data on medal winners at the summer Olympics from 1976 to 2008. For each medal, it provides information on the athlete’s gender, country, event, and discipline. 

You can use this dataset to study various trends in Olympic winners. This data set is also an excellent opportunity to work on some of your Excel skills. It is possible to do data analysis with Excel and you don’t need to always rely on advanced data analysis techniques to get the job done. 


Ready for some more advanced projects? Check these out: 

Data Scraper

Data Scrapping
Source: Iterators

A data scraper is a tool that scrapes data from a source like a website or a directory. The goal of this project is to build a tool that is able to consistently source quality data from a given source and store it in a database. 

You can make the data scraper as simple or advanced as you want, depending on the level of difficulty that you’re looking for. You can build a very simple data scraper tool using Python. To take the level of difficulty up a notch, you could build a GUI that displays a real-time analysis of the data that the tool is scraping, with stats on the data volume, data types, etc. 

Analyze a Current Event

A large-scale event, like a big product launch or election, tends to send ripples out into the world and influence business outcomes in many different ways. A fun project idea is building a data analysis tool that studies a specific event and the impact that it has on different stakeholders in a system. 

The COVID-19 pandemic is an example of one event that you can study. You can look at cross-sectional job market data along with COVID trends to create a report on how the event affected jobs in different industries. 

Improve the Visualization of an Existing Project

As we said earlier, it’s important for data scientists to have good visualization skills. Improving the visualization of an existing big data project can be a project in itself. The goal here is to identify correlations that you can study in better ways through visualization. 

For example, this visualization depicts changes in the job market between March and April 2020, which is when the COVID-19 pandemic first began to have a big impact on business and life. 

big data projects, Impact of COVID-19 on job status
Source: LendEDU

You can build similar visualizations to depict your findings and examine your data in new ways. 


These big data projects are some of the most challenging, and rewarding. 

Recommendation System

Recommendation systems are used by many different consumer companies to recommend new products and items to their customers. Think about how Netflix recommends new shows to you or Amazon displays products that you might like. What makes those things possible are recommendation systems that study patterns in user behaviors and predict consumer choices. 

You can take an e-commerce dataset like this one as the source for your project. Go about looking at patterns in how customers buy products and see if you can make recommendations based on that. 

This is a project where you can flex your technical muscle if you would like to. You can make use of artificial intelligence and supervised and unsupervised learning techniques to build a highly accurate recommendations system. You can use these to study the behavior of billions of input values at a time. 

Social Media Sentiment Analysis Tool

big data projects - Social Media sentiment Analysis Tools
Source: Branding mag

Sentiment analysis is an application of natural language processing to gauge the sentiment in a textual dataset. This is an easy one to source data for because you can tap into just about any social media feed as your input. 

Related Read: 9 NLP Project Ideas for Beginners

To make things more specific, you could choose a specific hashtag. Let’s say Apple has just launched a new iPhone and you want to know how people feel about it. You can source Tweets with the hashtag “iPhone” or “iPhone13” and then carry out a sentiment analysis on it to make that happen. The tool you build can take into account both the text and emojis that are used in Tweets to carry out the analysis. 

Read more about how to do sentiment analysis in the R programming language here

Custom Detection System

Big data can be used to find patterns in images and videos and detect specific elements within them eventually. This is an application that is widely used for medical purposes. 

Let’s say you have images for cancer detection. These can include scans and MRIs that have been sourced anonymously from healthcare providers. It is possible to get millions of these images daily, which means that you can use big data techniques combined with a deep learning model or machine learning algorithms to study them. 

You can also build a detection system for instances like detecting cell structures from histology images or gender detection of animals from images sourced from farms or national parks. 

What Makes a Good Big Data Project?

Whether you’re a beginner or an expert, you’ll want to consider the following when evaluating a big data project.

Quality Over Quantity

The field is called big data so there is a tendency to value the quantity of data that you’re working with over the quality of the data analysis that you’re doing. Always remember that the goal of big data analysis is the same as any other data analytical undertaking: to mine insights that can support business objectives and inform business decisions. 

Given that that’s the main goal, you need to make sure that you foreground quality over quantity every time. That means studying a variety of sources from which to obtain your data, choosing the right algorithms to process it, and interpreting the results in the right way. 

Focus on Impact and Outcome

The work that you do as a big data analyst is ultimately about helping meet business objectives. So what you’re trying to maximize is not the volume of data that you work with or the number of fancy technologies that you use. Rather, the impact that you’re trying to make is to help your organization make its business strategy defensible by being data-driven. 

For that reason, a good big data engineer is also one who has business savvy. The ability to combine technical chops with a strong understanding of business strategy will make you eligible for key roles in world-class companies. 

Clean Code and Analysis

This is something that has to do with how you work as an individual and in a team. Always write code that is clean, which means that it is formatted in the right and has comments wherever required. This will make it easier for you as you advance in the project and for your colleagues if they need to continue your work at a later point. 

As you write code to analyze the data, try to keep your methods as fair and mission-focused as possible. It is very easy to let biases and a range of emotions get in the way of accurate data analysis. Watch out for these pitfalls as you work on more and more projects. 

How To Leverage Your Big Data Projects

You have a wide range of options when it comes to ways in which you can use your big data projects to further your career. 

First off, make sure that you upload your code on a tool like Github. Technical recruiters often look at a candidate’s Github profile to examine the code they produce. 

Once you’ve got a few big data projects under your belt, then it’s time to start building your portfolio. Portfolios have become a necessary part of the interview process. They centralize all of the work that you’ve done and show recruiters what you’re capable of. 

Finally, you can also mention some of your projects in your resume. This can’t be as extensive as your portfolio so make sure that you only mention projects that are relevant to the job that you’re applying for. 

Big Data Project FAQs

We’ve got the answers to your most frequently asked questions. 

Why Are Big Data Projects Important?

Before big data emerged as a field, software engineers didn’t really have a way to study very large volumes of data because of the limitations of traditional methods. Big data is important because it helps business executives and companies unearth insights that can help them make better, more profitable decisions. 

How Long Will a Big Data Project Take To Complete?

A big data project can take anywhere between a couple of weeks to a few months to complete. The duration depends on the aims of the project and the volume of data under consideration. 

Are Big Data Projects Necessary To Land a Job?

Big data projects can be very helpful if you’re trying to land a job in the industry. Make sure that you upload your code to Github and create a portfolio so that recruiters can easily view the work that you’ve done. 

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Companies are no longer just collecting data. They’re seeking to use it to outpace competitors, especially with the rise of AI and advanced analytics techniques. Between organizations and these techniques are the data scientists – the experts who crunch numbers and translate them into actionable strategies. The future, it seems, belongs to those who can decipher the story hidden within the data, making the role of data scientists more important than ever.

In this article, we’ll look at 13 careers in data science, analyzing the roles and responsibilities and how to land that specific job in the best way. Whether you’re more drawn out to the creative side or interested in the strategy planning part of data architecture, there’s a niche for you. 

Is Data Science A Good Career?

Yes. Besides being a field that comes with competitive salaries, the demand for data scientists continues to increase as they have an enormous impact on their organizations. It’s an interdisciplinary field that keeps the work varied and interesting.

10 Data Science Careers To Consider

Whether you want to change careers or land your first job in the field, here are 13 of the most lucrative data science careers to consider.

Data Scientist

Data scientists represent the foundation of the data science department. At the core of their role is the ability to analyze and interpret complex digital data, such as usage statistics, sales figures, logistics, or market research – all depending on the field they operate in.

They combine their computer science, statistics, and mathematics expertise to process and model data, then interpret the outcomes to create actionable plans for companies. 

General Requirements

A data scientist’s career starts with a solid mathematical foundation, whether it’s interpreting the results of an A/B test or optimizing a marketing campaign. Data scientists should have programming expertise (primarily in Python and R) and strong data manipulation skills. 

Although a university degree is not always required beyond their on-the-job experience, data scientists need a bunch of data science courses and certifications that demonstrate their expertise and willingness to learn.

Average Salary

The average salary of a data scientist in the US is $156,363 per year.

Data Analyst

A data analyst explores the nitty-gritty of data to uncover patterns, trends, and insights that are not always immediately apparent. They collect, process, and perform statistical analysis on large datasets and translate numbers and data to inform business decisions.

A typical day in their life can involve using tools like Excel or SQL and more advanced reporting tools like Power BI or Tableau to create dashboards and reports or visualize data for stakeholders. With that in mind, they have a unique skill set that allows them to act as a bridge between an organization’s technical and business sides.

General Requirements

To become a data analyst, you should have basic programming skills and proficiency in several data analysis tools. A lot of data analysts turn to specialized courses or data science bootcamps to acquire these skills. 

For example, Coursera offers courses like Google’s Data Analytics Professional Certificate or IBM’s Data Analyst Professional Certificate, which are well-regarded in the industry. A bachelor’s degree in fields like computer science, statistics, or economics is standard, but many data analysts also come from diverse backgrounds like business, finance, or even social sciences.

Average Salary

The average base salary of a data analyst is $76,892 per year.

Business Analyst

Business analysts often have an essential role in an organization, driving change and improvement. That’s because their main role is to understand business challenges and needs and translate them into solutions through data analysis, process improvement, or resource allocation. 

A typical day as a business analyst involves conducting market analysis, assessing business processes, or developing strategies to address areas of improvement. They use a variety of tools and methodologies, like SWOT analysis, to evaluate business models and their integration with technology.

General Requirements

Business analysts often have related degrees, such as BAs in Business Administration, Computer Science, or IT. Some roles might require or favor a master’s degree, especially in more complex industries or corporate environments.

Employers also value a business analyst’s knowledge of project management principles like Agile or Scrum and the ability to think critically and make well-informed decisions.

Average Salary

A business analyst can earn an average of $84,435 per year.

Database Administrator

The role of a database administrator is multifaceted. Their responsibilities include managing an organization’s database servers and application tools. 

A DBA manages, backs up, and secures the data, making sure the database is available to all the necessary users and is performing correctly. They are also responsible for setting up user accounts and regulating access to the database. DBAs need to stay updated with the latest trends in database management and seek ways to improve database performance and capacity. As such, they collaborate closely with IT and database programmers.

General Requirements

Becoming a database administrator typically requires a solid educational foundation, such as a BA degree in data science-related fields. Nonetheless, it’s not all about the degree because real-world skills matter a lot. Aspiring database administrators should learn database languages, with SQL being the key player. They should also get their hands dirty with popular database systems like Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server. 

Average Salary

Database administrators earn an average salary of $77,391 annually.

Data Engineer

Successful data engineers construct and maintain the infrastructure that allows the data to flow seamlessly. Besides understanding data ecosystems on the day-to-day, they build and oversee the pipelines that gather data from various sources so as to make data more accessible for those who need to analyze it (e.g., data analysts).

General Requirements

Data engineering is a role that demands not just technical expertise in tools like SQL, Python, and Hadoop but also a creative problem-solving approach to tackle the complex challenges of managing massive amounts of data efficiently. 

Usually, employers look for credentials like university degrees or advanced data science courses and bootcamps.

Average Salary

Data engineers earn a whooping average salary of $125,180 per year.

Database Architect

A database architect’s main responsibility involves designing the entire blueprint of a data management system, much like an architect who sketches the plan for a building. They lay down the groundwork for an efficient and scalable data infrastructure. 

Their day-to-day work is a fascinating mix of big-picture thinking and intricate detail management. They decide how to store, consume, integrate, and manage data by different business systems.

General Requirements

If you’re aiming to excel as a database architect but don’t necessarily want to pursue a degree, you could start honing your technical skills. Become proficient in database systems like MySQL or Oracle, and learn data modeling tools like ERwin. Don’t forget programming languages – SQL, Python, or Java. 

If you want to take it one step further, pursue a credential like the Certified Data Management Professional (CDMP) or the Data Science Bootcamp by Springboard.

Average Salary

Data architecture is a very lucrative career. A database architect can earn an average of $165,383 per year.

Machine Learning Engineer

A machine learning engineer experiments with various machine learning models and algorithms, fine-tuning them for specific tasks like image recognition, natural language processing, or predictive analytics. Machine learning engineers also collaborate closely with data scientists and analysts to understand the requirements and limitations of data and translate these insights into solutions. 

General Requirements

As a rule of thumb, machine learning engineers must be proficient in programming languages like Python or Java, and be familiar with machine learning frameworks like TensorFlow or PyTorch. To successfully pursue this career, you can either choose to undergo a degree or enroll in courses and follow a self-study approach.

Average Salary

Depending heavily on the company’s size, machine learning engineers can earn between $125K and $187K per year, one of the highest-paying AI careers.

Quantitative Analyst

Qualitative analysts are essential for financial institutions, where they apply mathematical and statistical methods to analyze financial markets and assess risks. They are the brains behind complex models that predict market trends, evaluate investment strategies, and assist in making informed financial decisions. 

They often deal with derivatives pricing, algorithmic trading, and risk management strategies, requiring a deep understanding of both finance and mathematics.

General Requirements

This data science role demands strong analytical skills, proficiency in mathematics and statistics, and a good grasp of financial theory. It always helps if you come from a finance-related background. 

Average Salary

A quantitative analyst earns an average of $173,307 per year.

Data Mining Specialist

A data mining specialist uses their statistics and machine learning expertise to reveal patterns and insights that can solve problems. They swift through huge amounts of data, applying algorithms and data mining techniques to identify correlations and anomalies. In addition to these, data mining specialists are also essential for organizations to predict future trends and behaviors.

General Requirements

If you want to land a career in data mining, you should possess a degree or have a solid background in computer science, statistics, or a related field. 

Average Salary

Data mining specialists earn $109,023 per year.

Data Visualisation Engineer

Data visualisation engineers specialize in transforming data into visually appealing graphical representations, much like a data storyteller. A big part of their day involves working with data analysts and business teams to understand the data’s context. 

General Requirements

Data visualization engineers need a strong foundation in data analysis and be proficient in programming languages often used in data visualization, such as JavaScript, Python, or R. A valuable addition to their already-existing experience is a bit of expertise in design principles to allow them to create visualizations.

Average Salary

The average annual pay of a data visualization engineer is $103,031.

Resources To Find Data Science Jobs

The key to finding a good data science job is knowing where to look without procrastinating. To make sure you leverage the right platforms, read on.

Job Boards

When hunting for data science jobs, both niche job boards and general ones can be treasure troves of opportunity. 

Niche boards are created specifically for data science and related fields, offering listings that cut through the noise of broader job markets. Meanwhile, general job boards can have hidden gems and opportunities.

Online Communities

Spend time on platforms like Slack, Discord, GitHub, or IndieHackers, as they are a space to share knowledge, collaborate on projects, and find job openings posted by community members.

Network And LinkedIn

Don’t forget about socials like LinkedIn or Twitter. The LinkedIn Jobs section, in particular, is a useful resource, offering a wide range of opportunities and the ability to directly reach out to hiring managers or apply for positions. Just make sure not to apply through the “Easy Apply” options, as you’ll be competing with thousands of applicants who bring nothing unique to the table.

FAQs about Data Science Careers

We answer your most frequently asked questions.

Do I Need A Degree For Data Science?

A degree is not a set-in-stone requirement to become a data scientist. It’s true many data scientists hold a BA’s or MA’s degree, but these just provide foundational knowledge. It’s up to you to pursue further education through courses or bootcamps or work on projects that enhance your expertise. What matters most is your ability to demonstrate proficiency in data science concepts and tools.

Does Data Science Need Coding?

Yes. Coding is essential for data manipulation and analysis, especially knowledge of programming languages like Python and R.

Is Data Science A Lot Of Math?

It depends on the career you want to pursue. Data science involves quite a lot of math, particularly in areas like statistics, probability, and linear algebra.

What Skills Do You Need To Land an Entry-Level Data Science Position?

To land an entry-level job in data science, you should be proficient in several areas. As mentioned above, knowledge of programming languages is essential, and you should also have a good understanding of statistical analysis and machine learning. Soft skills are equally valuable, so make sure you’re acing problem-solving, critical thinking, and effective communication.

Since you’re here…Are you interested in this career track? Investigate with our free guide to what a data professional actually does. When you’re ready to build a CV that will make hiring managers melt, join our Data Science Bootcamp which will help you land a job or your tuition back!

About Sakshi Gupta

Sakshi is a Managing Editor at Springboard. She is a technology enthusiast who loves to read and write about emerging tech. She is a content marketer with experience in the Indian and US markets.