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9 NLP Project Ideas for Beginners (+ Examples to Follow)
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9 NLP Project Ideas for Beginners (+ Examples to Follow)

9 minute read | December 28, 2022
Sakshi Gupta

Written by:
Sakshi Gupta

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Natural language processing, or NLP for short, is a growing subset of machine learning that’s concerned with the analyzing, processing, and understanding of large amounts of written or spoken language. And if you’re looking for an opportunity to learn some NLP techniques and put them into practice, then working on a real-world NLP project is a great idea. 

Building NLP projects can also be a great addition to your portfolio, especially for beginners. Looking for some fun ideas for NLP projects? Then you’re in the right place. Below, we’ll tell you all about 9 NLP projects that are ideal for beginners, so that you can get started on your own real-world projects.

What Are the Benefits of Creating an NLP Project?

There are two main benefits to building an NLP project. The first is the skills that you’ll gain—there’s no better way to test what you know than to put it into practice. The second is your portfolio. Whether you’re applying for an NLP position, or just want to round out your portfolio, NLP projects are a great addition. 

9 NLP Project Ideas For Beginners (Plus Examples)

9 NLP Project Ideas For Beginners (Plus Examples)

Here is a list of 9 project ideas that are perfect for beginners and examples of real-world machine learning projects that use each technique.

Sentiment Analysis

Sentiment analysis determines whether a text is positive, negative, or neutral. It’s used in many different situations, from analyzing customer reviews to identifying the mood of a document.

Example

NLP projects, Sentiment Analysis

This sentiment analysis project is an excellent example of using NLP to analyze text and determine whether it’s negative or positive. 

Real-World Applications

Sentiment analysis is an incredibly useful tool for understanding the mood of a company’s customer base. It can help you identify trends in customer satisfaction, and you can even use it to predict the future.

You can use sentiment analysis to analyze customer feedback and identify what upsets your customers. Then, you can address those issues before they become a problem for your business.

Spell Checker

A spell checker is a piece of software that checks the spelling of your documents and highlights misspelled words. It’s usually built into a word processor, like Microsoft Word or Google Docs.

Example

NLP projects, Hunspell about
NLP projects, Hunspell main features

Hunspell is one of the most comprehensive spell-checker projects on GitHub, designed to work with various languages and character sets. It was initially developed for OpenOffice but is now used in Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome. It includes a collection of tools to check text spelling, grammar, and syntax and suggest alternative words or phrases.

Real-World Applications

Spell checkers are a great tool for helping people write in a way that is clear and easy to understand. They can be used in many situations, from personal emails or notes to business letters and reports.

Chatbot 

Chatbots are computer programs that can mimic human conversation. They are designed to interact with users, understand their needs and preferences, and respond appropriately.

Example

NLP projects Chatbot
NLP projects, Chatbot example

Flask_NLP_ChatBot is an NLP project on GitHub written in CSS, HTML, and Python. 

Real-World Applications

The chatbot technology is used in many fields, such as medicine, education, e-commerce, and business. In business, chatbots can be used for different purposes, including customer support, sales, and marketing activities.

Document Clustering

Document clustering is a method of grouping documents based on their similarity. It can be used to identify groups of documents that are similar and likely to be relevant to the same topic or query.

Example

NLP projects, Document Clustering
NLP projects, MWSD example

Multiple-writing-style-detector is one great example of document clustering that only uses Python. This algorithm aims to detect different writing styles in a text, then group or cluster them together. It’s particularly useful when working with large documents and data sets.

Real-World Applications

Document clustering is a great way to organize and analyze large amounts of data. Document clustering can be used for everything from helping you find relevant documents for research to creating searchable archives of your company’s past.

For example, let’s say you’re working on an advanced project that involves collecting, organizing, and analyzing data from many different sources. You could use document clustering to help you manage all of that information so that it’s easy to find exactly what you need when you need it.

You could also use document clustering to archive your company’s history. Document clustering allows you to categorize large amounts of text into themes based on their meaning and content so that they are easier to find later. This can be extremely useful in helping your company maintain its historical record.

Next Word Prediction

Next-word prediction is a feature that predicts the next word you will type. It’s designed to help you type faster and more accurately by suggesting words as you type them.

Example

NLP projects, Next Word Prediction

BERT is a next-word prediction NLP project developed by Nandan Pandey, created using Pytorch and Streamlit. It uses word representations learned from large amounts of unlabeled data.

The goal of BERT is to predict the next word given an input sentence. This goal can be achieved by predicting the words in all possible positions of the sentence and choosing the most likely sequence of words to use as a prediction.

Real-World Applications

Next-word prediction is an excellent tool for people who want to become more efficient and productive. It can help you save time by predicting words as you type, which saves you the effort of having to type them out.

For example, if you’re writing an email, next-word prediction can help you create a message more quickly and accurately by guessing what word you will use next. In the same vein, if you’re working with spreadsheets or other documents that require numbers in a specific order (such as lists), the next-word prediction will save time by making sure everything is spelled correctly without requiring any extra effort on your part.

Text Summarization

Text summarization is the process of taking a long text and reducing it to a shorter version that accurately represents the original. This can be done by many different methods, including keyword extraction and machine learning.

Example

NLP projects, Text Summarization

This text-summarization NLP project by Praveen Dubey has been created to summarize large amounts of text. It’s beneficial for academic and scientific papers.

The goal was to create an algorithm that can automatically summarize a document so that it can be easily understood by people who need to become more familiar with the topic. The algorithm also ensures that it does not distort the meaning of the original source text, which is often essential for academic and scientific documents.

Real-World Applications

Text summarization is a handy tool in the real world. It allows people to get a sense of a piece of writing quickly and then go back and read it in full if they have time. This can be helpful for people with a lot of reading to do but not enough time to do it.

The applications of automatic text summarization are endless: from news organizations that want to give readers a quick summary of their stories to businesses that want to quickly summarize their own products’ user manuals.

Question Answering

Question answering is an NLP task involving answers to questions about a given text. It’s a valuable way to measure how well NLP algorithms can understand natural language, and it’s also helpful in training them to make better predictions.

Example

NLP projects, Question Answering

Question-Answering-System-NLP (QA NLP) is a question-and-answer-based project written in Python. The tools used include Apache Solr, the NLTK library, and the Spacy library. The algorithm performs large-scale searches on given data, then analyzes the text in different ways, such as sentiment or word analysis. 

Real-World Applications

One application of question-answering is in customer service. When customers ask questions about your product or service, you can automate their answers by using QA NLP. Another application of question-answering is in customer research. If someone asks you, “What color dress should I wear to my friend’s wedding?” you could use QA NLP to find out what colors are popular for weddings this year so that you can give them some suggestions. A third application for QA NLP is chatbots and voice assistants. 

Property Price Prediction

Property price prediction is the process of using natural language processing to predict the future price of a given property. The goal is to determine what factors affect the price of a given property and how much it will cost to purchase or rent.

Example

NLP projects, Property Price Prediction

LilHomie is a housing price prediction project by Vivek Pandey. It generates housing appraisals and determines a property’s value in New York. This project has been created with Jupyter Notebook and Python.

Real-World Applications

Property price description has a variety of applications in the real world and is one of the most useful ways to describe property prices. Property price prediction is used by real estate agents to help clients determine whether or not a property is within their budget. Real estate agents can also use property price descriptions to determine whether or not a home has been overpriced.

Insurance companies also use property price predictions to determine how much they should charge homeowners for their policies. Finally, property price predictions can be used as part of an appraisal report when determining what properties are worth on the open market.

Text Games

Text-based games are a type of game that focuses on the input of the player to progress through the story. The gameplay relies not on graphics but on the player’s ability to solve problems with simple prompts.

Example

NLP projects, Text Games

One of the best text-based NLP projects is AI Dungeon. It is a text adventure game that uses AI to come up with open-ended storylines. The game was developed using Python and NLP, combining the two to create an engaging player experience.

Real-World Applications

Besides just pure entertainment, an NLP-based text game has a variety of uses. For example, they can be used to teach new languages, to practice writing or reading skills, or to teach children about computers and technology.

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Best Datasets You Can Use for Your NLP Projects

If you’re looking for a dataset for your NLP projects, you might wonder where to begin. There are a lot of datasets out there, and it can take time to know which ones are best for your project.

Here are some of the most popular datasets available for NLP training:

  1. IMDB Reviews. The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) dataset is a collection of over 20 thousand movie reviews. Users write these reviews, and they’re a great resource for training your NLP project to identify important topics and sentiments.
  2. Reuters News Dataset. The Reuters News Dataset is a collection of over one million news stories published by the Reuters news agency. This dataset is ideal for training deep learning models to extract text-based information and images from any story. 
  3. LibriSpeech. This is a dataset of audiobooks that can be used to train a speech recognition system.
  4. Amazon Reviews. This Amazon review dataset can be used to train a text classifier or sentiment analysis system.

FAQs About NLP Projects

We’ve got the answers to your most frequently asked questions:

Is NLP in High Demand?

Yes. The increasing availability of large datasets, along with the development of more advanced machine learning algorithms, has enabled applying NLP to many real-world scenarios, which has led to increased demand for NLP expertise in various industries.

Is Python or R Better for NLP?

Python and R are popular programming languages for natural language processing, and both have their own strengths and weaknesses. Python is generally considered a more versatile and user-friendly language with a large and active community of users. On the other hand, R is a specialized language for statistical computing and is particularly well-suited for working with large datasets of text and complex data models.

What Are Some Good NLP Libraries To Use for a Project?

You can use many NLP libraries in your projects, and the best choice will depend on the specific needs and goals of the project itself. Some popular NLP libraries for Python include NLTK (Natural Language Toolkit), spaCy, and Gensim.

NLTK is a powerful and widely-used library for working with human language data and includes a wide range of features for text processing, including tokenization, stemming, and part-of-speech tagging. spaCy is a newer library designed explicitly for production-level NLP tasks and is known for its speed and efficiency. Gensim is a library for topic modeling and document similarity analysis.

Which Industries Use NLP Most Frequently?

NLP is used in various industries, including technology, finance, healthcare, marketing, and education. Overall, the technology and healthcare industries are likely to use NLP the most due to the large amounts of text data generated and the need to process and analyze this data in real time.

Since you’re here…Are you interested in this career track? Investigate with our free guide to what a data professional actually does. When you’re ready to build a CV that will make hiring managers melt, join our Data Science Bootcamp which will help you land a job or your tuition back!

About Sakshi Gupta

Sakshi is a Managing Editor at Springboard. She is a technology enthusiast who loves to read and write about emerging tech. She is a content marketer with experience in the Indian and US markets.