What Job Roles Does a Cybersecurity Analyst Perform?

Security analysts evaluate risks and vulnerabilities to reduce the chances of cyber attacks. They may also monitor internet traffic, patch software, and design firewalls. Learn more here.

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cyber security analyst job roles

Cybersecurity analysts are responsible for protecting an organization’s data and infrastructure. Through diagnostic testing, they determine risks that could expose an information system or network to malicious intrusion. With this information security analysts plan and implement solutions to prevent or mitigate possible attacks.

Each security analyst position has a specific focus in the field—for example, incident response analysts specialize in cyberattack preparedness, while security compliance analysts work to ensure that an organization’s security program meets external statutory and regulatory standards.

Learn more about how to become a cybersecurity analyst here.

6 Top Cybersecurity Analyst Job Roles

The top security analyst job roles share many core responsibilities but apply them in a wide variety of contexts. Here are the top six security analyst job roles.

  • Cybersecurity Analyst

Cybersecurity analysts help prevent security breaches and play a vital role in cyber threat defense. Using simulated attacks and other diagnostic tests, cybersecurity analysts assess the architectural vulnerabilities of a system in order to develop and implement new security features.

Day-to-day responsibilities of cybersecurity analysts include:

  • Collecting and interpreting diagnostic data
  • Installing firewalls, data encryption programs, and other security software
  • Helping users adhere to safety protocols that address current threat trends

Cybersecurity analysts also monitor systems for intrusions and intervene in the event of a cyber attack. Following a security breach, cybersecurity analysts will conduct a forensic review to determine the causes of the breach and devise solutions to mitigate future risks.

The role of a cybersecurity analyst is often analogous to the role of a cybersecurity specialist. These job titles can be used interchangeably, although specialists may assume the role of an entry-level security analyst in some organizations.

  • Network Security Analyst

Network security analysts configure, install, and audit hardware and software to protect the integrity of an organization’s computer networks. They diagnose and resolve network vulnerabilities, analyze inbound code, and script defensive software.

Day-to-day responsibilities of network security analysts include:

  • Monitoring networks for suspicious activity
  • Testing for compromises to network and system security
  • Generating new security protocols to preserve the integrity of critical information

Network security analysts often use ethical hacking to determine security risks and must assess the response of each element of a network in order to make security recommendations.

  • Incident Response Analyst

Incident response analysts work to prevent security breaches and manage attacks when they occur. In the event of an intrusion, incident response analysts coordinate response teams to contain and neutralize threats. Incident response analysts determine the cause of a breach, assess the scope of compromised data, and implement remediation plans.

Day-to-day responsibilities of incident response analysts include:

  • Developing incident response and contingency plans
  • Monitoring systems for intrusions and tracking trend threats
  • Conducting penetration tests, digital forensics, and malware analysis

Incident response analysts focus on preparing response-and-recovery plans before a cyber attack occurs. They specialize in cyber event management and also restore systems following a security breach.

  • Security Compliance Analyst

Security compliance analysts verify that security measures conform to internal privacy standards as well as legal statutes and federal regulations. Security compliance analysts develop risk management strategies to prevent breaches that would violate these security standards, statutes, and regulations. They facilitate organizational compliance through organizational training programs focused on security awareness and best practices. Security compliance analysts spearhead the creation, implementation, and maintenance of systems that handle sensitive information and personal data.

Day-to-day responsibilities of security compliance analysts include:

  • Auditing and analyzing system logs and artifacts
  • Evaluating extant internal and third-party infrastructure for vulnerabilities
  • Formulating performance metrics to track compliance across security frameworks

Security compliance analysts collaborate intensively with legal department personnel. They are in particularly high demand in federally regulated industries like healthcare, finance, and other related fields.

  • Application Security Analyst

Application security analysts pinpoint and patch security flaws in mobile and web application architectures. Application security analysts detect and evaluate security threats such as request forgeries, corrupt data transmissions, bids for unauthorized access, and other potential risks to confidential information.

Day-to-day tasks of application security analysts include:

  • Evaluating security vulnerabilities of web applications and host infrastructure via scanning, hacking, and penetrative testing
  • Performing security design reviews, threat models, and code audits
  • Installing new software to protect critical information

The work of application security analysts guides the development of secure mobile and web applications across devices and operating systems.

  • Security Consultant

Security consultants advise clients on the development and implementation of digital security solutions. Security consultants conduct diagnostic testing to identify risks to sensitive data and make remedial recommendations.

Day-to-day responsibilities of security consultants include:

  • Diagnosing potential threats to information security
  • Drafting and proposing innovative solutions to fully secure information networks
  • Implementing proposed solutions and maintaining security systems

Some security consultants provide in-house services via a permanent role within an organization, while others contract with clients independently or through an agency. Security consultants have the capacity to direct a company’s overall security posture.

Is cybersecurity the right career for you?

According to Cybersecurity Ventures, the cybersecurity industry is expected to have 3.5 million high-paying, unfilled jobs this year. With Springboard’s comprehensive Cyber Security Career Track, you’ll work 1:1 with an industry-mentor to learn key aspects of information technology, security software, security auditing, and finding and fixing malicious code. Learning units include subject-expert approved resources, application-based mini-projects, hands-on labs, and career-search related coursework.

The course will culminate in a multi-part capstone project that you can highlight on your resume for prospective employers or use to demonstrate your technical knowledge in your job interview. The learning materials will also help prepare you to pass the globally-recognized CompTIA Security+  certification so you stand out when applying for cybersecurity roles.

Learn more about Springboard’s Cyber Security Career Track here.

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